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Zero carbon means that no carbon emissions are being produced from a product or service (for example, a wind farm generating electricity, or a battery deploying electricity). I mean; net zero means that any carbon emissions created are balanced (kind of cancelled out) by taking the same amount out of the atmosphere. So we’ll reach net zero when the amount of carbon emissions we add is no more than the amount taken away.

There are many ways to remove carbon from the atmosphere — for example, you can plant trees which absorb CO2 and release oxygen. However, as well as trying to take CO2 out of the atmosphere, it’s important to reduce the amount of CO2 that we are putting into the atmosphere in the first place. At the ESO, we’re doing this by reducing our reliance on energy sources like coal which produce high carbon emissions. Instead, we’re increasing our use of sources like wind and solar power, which do not produce any carbon.



Balancing carbon dioxide emissions with carbon offsets ,the process of reducing or avoiding greenhouse gas emissions or removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to make up for emissions elsewhere. If the total greenhouse gases emitted is equal to the total amount avoided or removed, then the two effects cancel each other out and the net emissions are ‘neutral’.


Reducing carbon emissions can be done by moving towards energy sources and industry processes that produce less greenhouse gases, thereby transitioning to a low-carbon economy. Shifting towards the use of renewable energy such as wind, geothermal, and solar power,as well as nuclear power reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Although both renewable and non-renewable energy production produce carbon emissions in some form, renewable sources produce negligible to almost zero carbon emissions. Transitioning to a low-carbon economy would also mean making changes to current industrial and agricultural processes to reduce carbon emissions, for example, diet changes to livestock such as cattle can potentially reduce methane production by 40%. Carbon projects and emissions trading are often used to reduce carbon emissions, and carbon dioxide can even sometimes be prevented from entering the atmosphere entirely (such as by carbon scrubbing).


A carbon charge is a form of pollution tax. It requires people who produce, distribute, or use fossil fuels as well as those whose activities result in the production of greenhouse gas emissions to pay for every tonne of greenhouse gases that enter our atmosphere. It would gradually amalgamate the multiple conflicting carbon price signals that currently exist in the UK under one clear and transparent ‘charge.’ Over time, the price of this charge would increase and be extended to more areas of the economy to ensure that incentives to decarbonise exist wherever emissions are produced.


Reaching zero net emissions of carbon dioxide from energy and industry by 2050 can be accomplished by rebuilding U.S. energy infrastructure to run primarily on renewable energy, at a net cost of about $1 per person per day, according to new research published by the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), the University of San Francisco (USF), and the consulting firm Evolved Energy Research.

The researchers developed multiple feasible technology pathways that differ widely in remaining fossil fuel use, land use, consumer adoption, nuclear energy, and bio-based fuels use but share a key set of strategies. “By methodically increasing energy efficiency, switching to electric technologies, utilizing clean electricity (especially wind and solar power), and deploying a small amount of carbon capture technology, the United States can reach zero emissions,” the authors write in “Carbon Neutral Pathways for the United States,” published recently in the scientific journal AGU Advances.

There are three core requirements which must all be met for a home to qualify as zero carbon:

  1. The fabric performance must, at a minimum, comply with the defined standard known as the Fabric Energy Efficiency Standard (FEES) and
  2. Any CO2 emissions that remain after consideration of heating, cooling, fixed lighting and ventilation, must be less than or equal to the Carbon Compliance limit established for zero carbon homes, and
  3. Any remaining CO2 emissions, from regulated energy sources (after requirements 1 and 2 have been met), must be reduced to zero.

Delivering wider benefits ;

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